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Key Aspects of Web Design
Web design is basically defined as the process of designing a website and writing mark up for a client and it encompasses several skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of the website. Web graphic design, interface design, user experience design, search engine optimization and authoring which include standardized code and proprietary software are some of the skills and disciplines encompassed in web design. An individual who wishes to do web design should be aware of the web usability which is the ease of use of a website. Web designers who are given the role of creating markup should be up to date with all the available web accessibility guidelines. Due to the many aspects of web design, some web designers may work as a team each covering a different aspect although there are some designers who are able to manage all the aspects. Web engineering which is a broader scope of web development usually overlaps with web design but the major focus of web engineering are the methodologies, techniques, and tools that form the foundation for web application development which supports their design, development, evolution, and evaluation.
Depending on the part of production processes one is involved in during web design, different variety of tools are used which keeps on being updated by newer standards and software. Vector and raster graphics editor are the mainly used graphic editors editor for creating web formatted imagery or design prototypes. Polygons are used in vector graphics to represent images in graphics which are later saved in any vector graphics format such as WMF and PDF. Dot matrix data structure representing a grid of pixels or points of color viewable on a monitor are used in raster graphics and can be saved in any bitmap or raster format such as JPEG and GIF. Websites can be created by various technologies such as the W3C standards like HTML and CSS. Creating a website during web design can either be done online by the online proprietary tools provided by web hosting companies which are intended for users to build their private site or it can be done by an offline software running on a computer creating pages and then these pages can be published on any host. Markup validators for checking validity and other testing tools for usability and accessibility to ensure all the guidelines for web accessibility have been met are also used in the process of web design.
A web designer works hand in hand with a web developer in the web design process when creating a website. The web designer focuses on the visual aspect such as the layout coloring and typography of the web page. Knowledge in the markup language for a web designer is key and it is a system involved in annotating a document in a way that it is syntactically distinguishable from a text such as the HTML and CSS.